GLADIO - DEEP STATE - False Flag murder - TURKEY
Turkey arresting SPECIAL OPERATIONS MILITARY MAFIA....
maybe a sign of what is to come in the USA? Will 9/11 come out?
Wednesday, July 2, 2008
TURKEY: ARRESTS, COURT CASE REVEAL THAT TURKEY IS DANGEROUSLY POLARIZED
Nicholas Birch 7/02/08
Simmering tension between Turkey.s secular establishment and popular religious-minded government is reaching the boiling point. Some experts are expressing concern that Turkish society has become so polarized that events could take a dangerous turn.
July 1, 2008, could prove a pivotal day in modern Turkey.s history. That was when the Constitutional Court heard evidence in a case that many experts believe will result in a ban of the governing Justice and Development Party (AKP). [For background see the Eurasia Insight archive]. Government supporters have derided the case as an attempted judicial coup carried out by recalcitrant right wingers. [For background see the Eurasia Insight archive].
Just hours before the court heard the prosecutor.s arguments, authorities made a spectacular security sweep, arresting more than 20 individuals, including two former generals, accusing them of plotting a coup. The most notable aspect of the sweep was not the number involved, but the fact that the suspects were taken into custody without a formal indictment being issued. This has fueled speculation that the arrests were politically motivated, and not entirely based on evidence.
Details of the arrests remain sketchy. But police were acting on the orders of a prosecutor who has already charged dozens of other people -- including another retired general and a prominent ultra-nationalist lawyer -- with "provoking armed rebellion against the government."
The alleged conspirators belonged to a group that the Turkish media has dubbed Ergenekon. The plotters supposedly planned to assassinate public intellectuals, Kurdish politicians, and even military personnel -- all in an effort to foment instability that would necessitate military intervention. [For background see the Eurasia Insight archive].
According to leaks in the Turkish media, one of their targets was Orhan Pamuk, the novelist who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 2006.
Editor of the liberal daily Radikal, Ismet Berkan, compares the scheme to the civil unrest in 1960 that preceded the first of Turkey.s three full-on coups. "It.s a classic model, a classic case of social engineering," he says. "The difference is that for the first time in Turkey.s history, four-star generals -- the big fish -- have been hauled in by a civilian prosecutor."
In a country so polarized over secularism and Islam that many have given up talking about politics altogether, not everybody shares his view. There were protests on July 1 outside Cumhuriyet, a staunchly secular daily that has passed over the year-long Ergenekon investigations in almost complete silence. Many secularists deny the existence of Ergenekon completely.
"It.s not one coup d.etat Turkey is facing, it.s two", said Cuneyt Ulsever, a columnist for the mass market daily Hurriyet critical of the way AKP has abandoned liberal reforms for increasingly confrontational rhetoric. [For background see the Eurasia Insight archive].
Other commentators suggested the action against Ergenekon was an instance of political retribution taken by AKP Islamists. "The AKP has taking revenge for the closure case. And it does not hesitate to throw the country into a very difficult period," wrote Yalcin Kucuk in Hurriyet.
Ilhan Selcuk, writing in Cumhuriyet, assailed AKP loyalists for not following proper legal procedures, specifically in carrying out the Ergenekon arrests without an indictment. Selcuk warned that arbitrary action could come back to haunt Turkey. "We have every single detail, including the indictment, the defenses, prosecutors, the judgments etc, in the [AKP] closure case, while the Ergenekon case remains a mystery," Selcuk wrote. "A big question mark dominates everything in the country. Everybody is afraid and concerned. Everybody keeps asking the same question: What will happen? Where is this country heading?"
Investigative journalist Belma Akcura found the timing of the arrests unnerving. "It.s been over a year and we still don.t know for sure what these people are being accused of," she says. "I get the feeling the government is using Ergenekon as a card in its own fight for life -- .take me down, and I.ll take you down too.."
Yet as the author of a recent book on what Turks call the "Deep State," -- a network of covert paramilitary groups she compares to .Gladio,. the violent operatives set up to combat communism in post-war Italy -- Akcura indicated that she was neither surprised by the accusations nor the identities of the people arrested.
One of 28 men taken in custody since an initial police swoop this February, retired general Veli Kucuk, is believed to have had a hand in "Deep State" activities for at least 20 years.
He rose to notoriety in 1997 when he turned out to be the last person to talk to a convicted nationalist multi-murderer who died when a car carrying him, a police chief and an MP crashed at high speed. The ensuing scandal shed a grim light on the Turkish state.s dabbling in organized crime.
Promoted by the army after investigations petered out, Kucuk is believed by many analysts to have helped found a military police intelligence unit suspected of the murders of dozens of Kurdish activists in the 1990s.
The generals arrested on July 1 have an equally questionable record. It was revealed in 2007 that one of them, Sener Eruygur, a well-known secularist hard-liner, played a central role in two aborted attempts to unseat the AKP government in 2004. The trigger for both coup plans was the Cyprus issue, not the AKP.s alleged efforts to Islamize the country. [For background see the Eurasia Insight archive]. http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insight/articles/eav063008.shtml Many in Turkey.s state apparatus saw the government.s willingness to talk about a UN-sponsored plan to reunite the divided Mediterranean island as a betrayal of Turkey.s strategic interests.
Code-named "Yellow Girl," a popular Turkish name for cows, the first scheme purportedly involved direct military intervention. It foundered on the opposition of the then military chief-of-staff. The second alleged plot, dubbed "Moonshine," sought to use the media to mould public opinion. "They came to talk to all the big media bosses in 2004 to ask for their support," remembers Radikal.s Ismet Berkan. "This time, they didn.t get it."
Eruygur appears not to have forgotten the slight. When the staunchly secularist lobbying group he has led since his retirement organized 500,000-strong protests last spring, a favorite slogan was "buy one Tayyip, get two Dogans free."
"Tayyip" was a reference to Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Aydin Dogan heads the country.s biggest media group.
Judging by revelations made on June 21 by Taraf, a hard-hitting new daily that has had dozens of scoops since it started publishing in late 2007, some in the army still find it difficult to drop their taste for social engineering.
Taraf published a 2007-dated internal army memo proposing an "Information Support Activity Action Plan." The plan.s main aim was supposedly to coerce the media and judiciary into cooperating in the fight against the AKP.
The tone of the Turkish General Staff.s denial left even staunch secularists unconvinced. "There is no such official document approved by the commanding ranks in General Staff records," read the statement released on the army.s website on June 27.
For Alper Gormus, left-leaning editor of the investigative magazine that revealed the 2004 coup plans and was shut down for its pains, today.s arrest of Eruygur, along with former army number two Hursit Tolon, is evidence of a fundamental change in the balance of power between the elected government and the state.
"People say Turkey is in a crisis and they are right, but what revolution comes to pass without a political crisis", he asks. "What we are living through today are the birth pangs of a new regime -- the death of 60 years of controlled democracy, the birth of the full democracy Turkey deserves."
It remains to be seen which version of reality is accurate -- whether Turkey.s democratic system is decaying or maturing. It is also too soon to say what the social costs of change may be.
Editor.s Note: Nicolas Birch specializes in Turkey, Iran and the Middle East.
(the original article has links to more background information!)
========= BACKGROUND =======
Ever hear of "Operation Gladio?" Was it really an umbrella name for hundreds of false flag bombings carried out by western intelligence agencies and NATO between 1943 and 1983 in Italy, Western Europe, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia?Did some Italian presidents go public stating that, between 1947 and 1981, Operation Gladio targetted innocent civilians with terror, such acts to be blamed on leftists and communists? Did such agencies, through Operation Gladio, target trains, buses, schools, even school buses, for terror attacks in order to create the maximum amount of public fear?On November 22, 1990, did the European Parliament entertain a resolution condemning the activities of Operation Gladio?Was the Bologna Train Station Bombing, which took place on August 2, 1980, in which 85 people were killed and over 200 wounded, a Gladio operation, and as such, provoked some Italian officials to speak out about matters?
A compendium of state-sponsored 'dirty tricks'
Often there is more to an important news story or crisis than meets the eye. The aim of this Sala@m listing is to highlight cases where the 'official version of events' has been questioned or proven to be concocted.
The motivations for such state shenanigans vary. In some cases the stakes are very high - the control of resources and the maintenance of political domination. In other instances it has more to do with a local politician's quest for staying in power, or a security agency's own sense of mission.
The willing accomplices in the pursuit of such national and individual ambitions are those government agencies that are able to operate beyond the law - through covert operations, criminal alliances, deception, use of agents provocateurs, 'false flag' missions, 'black' propaganda and other 'dirty tricks' for which they are not going to be held accountable.
In the normal course of events, the realities remain unknown to the public at large, unless disclosed by ex-ministers, whistle-blowers, courageous journalists, bungling by the agencies involved, or revealed in the course of an independent enquiry or declassification of state records. This compendium will be updated as new information enters the public domain.
1. Peru's Montesinos and the CIA, 2000
2. The Indian Parliament attack - December 2001, 12 deaths
3. 9/11 - the Meacher hypothesis
4. French metro attack - July 1995, 8 deaths
5. Moscow apartments bombing - September 1999, 246 deaths
6. Genoa, G8 disturbances, July 2001 - 3 critical injuries
7. Eavesdropping on UN officials, 2003-2004
8. FBI sting endangers life of Pakistani ambassador, 2004
9. The Australian 'children overboard' affair, 2004
10. Operation Gladio, Bologna 1980 - 85 deaths & other incidents
11. Force Research Unit (FRU), Northern Ireland, 1970 - 1990s
12. Targeting Arthur Scargill, 1984-85
13. Ostrovsky's revelation on Libya, 1986
14. USS Liberty - 1967, 34 deaths
15. The Lavon Affair, 1950s
The Bologna massacre (Italian: Strage di Bologna) was a terrorist bombing at the Central Station of Bologna, Italy on the morning of August 2, 1980, which killed 85 people and wounded more than 200. The main culprits came from the neo-fascist terrorist organization Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari, while two.and one former.members of the Italian military intelligence agency (SISMI) and Licio Gelli were charged with investigative diversion.
Europe Turns a Blind Eye to the CIA
EU governments are ignoring the CIA.s transportation of terror suspects to torture sites
By Tony Wesolowsky
Thirteen members of an E.U. Parliament probe arrived in Washington on May 10, seeking answers to allegations of CIA-operated secret flights and prisons in Europe. A reported 1,000 CIA flights have secretly crisscrossed Europe since 9/11, often transporting .terror suspects. to be interrogated in other countries, such as Egypt, where prisoners are routinely tortured.
But when the Europeans came calling at the nation.s capital, only low-level administration officials and four members of Congress (all Democrats) met with them face-to-face.
Stonewalling from the Bush administration should be no surprise, but European government officials haven.t been any more forthcoming. Javier Solana, the E.U..s foreign policy chief, told the E.U. Parliament, .I have no information whatsoever that tells me with certainty that any of the accusations, allegations, rumors that have taken place in the last year.s time are true..
Daniele Ganser, author of NATO.s Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe, says European leaders are silent for a reason. .The European and the U.S. intelligence communities are mutually dependent on each other. The rendition programs of the CIA are not being openly criticized by the E.U. intelligence community because the E.U. countries fear that the U.S. will cease to share information..
.A number of E.U. governments have colluded by simply turning a .blind eye,. failing to ask any questions,. Tony Bunyan, the director of Statewatch, which monitors state and civil liberties in Europe, told the E.U. probe. .So that if asked they could say, .No requests for transit or over-flying have been received...
In fact, according to the minutes of a meeting about the war on terror by European and U.S. officials in Athens in 2003, the European Union and United States agreed to use .European transit facilities to support the return of criminals and inadmissible aliens..
Not only do European governments know more about CIA skullduggery on their soil, in some cases they are accomplices. Giovanni Claudio Fava, an Italian Socialist and member of the European Parliament inquiry, wrote in a draft report to E.U. lawmakers that it was .improbable that the abduction of Egyptian cleric Abu Omar on Feb. 17, 2003 in Milan by CIA agents was organized and carried out without the previous knowledge of Italian authorities and security service..
As the Washington Post reported in November, the CIA is also running secret detention centers in Eastern Europe. Human Rights Watch has named Romania and Poland as likely sites and charges that CIA planes made numerous flights between 2003 and 2004 from Afghanistan to the Szymany airport in northeastern Poland. Meanwhile, the United States signed a deal with Romania in December to build a military base at the Mihail Kogaliniceanu airfield on the Black Sea, which is where the secret CIA site is thought to be located. Those claims have been backed by a fax intercepted by Swiss secret services from the Egyptian Foreign Ministry to their embassy in London, which stated that 23 Iraqi and Afghan prisoners were interrogated at the airfield.
Romania has denied the charges. The Polish parliament launched its own probe, but disclosed its findings only to a closed-door session of parliament last December. Nothing has happened since.
The CIA has also set up counter terrorist intelligence centers (CTICs) around the world, 16 in Europe. In 2005, the CIA.s Deputy Director of Operations, Jose A. Rodriguez Jr., told a closed session of the House and Senate Intelligence Committee that more than 25 CTICs were responsible for more than 3,000 arrests.
Just what type of .cooperation. European intelligence agencies are providing to the CIA at the CTICs is, like everything with the spy agency, murky.
.The history of what the CIA did in Europe since its creation in 1947 is almost completely unknown,. says Ganser. .It.s a black spot in people.s memory..