Sri Lanka newspager - USA illegal wars
The writer sadly believes that the mass killing of Tamils was justified.
Sri Lanka is ruled by DEEP STATE military system, who use FALSE FLAG terror
against their own people. The author would deny this, but there is proof.
The journalist WICKRAMATUNGA was murdered by the State, and
wrote about ii!!!!
United States operates paramilitary forces in foreign nations to thwart democracyDaya Gamage – US National Correspondent Asian Tribune
Washington, D.C. 15 January (Asiantribune.com):
The United States which took a hard line against paramilitaries operated in Sri Lanka during the counter-terrorism operation against the Tamil Tigers (LTTE) and went to the extent of even threatening the Sri Lankan political leadership of military and economic sanctions of it does not dismantle them is itself has been engaged in creating, training, funding, directing and operating paramilitary forces in many Third World nations, Asian Tribune research/investigations reveal.
A document prepared by a U.S. Army Colonel attached to the U.S. War College dated 30 March 2009 as a Strategy Research Project which goes to 26 pages titled 'Different World: Unacknowledged Special Operations and Covert Actions' gives the whole story of how the United States conducts its covert actions traditionally divided into three categories: propaganda, paramilitary operations, and political action.
The Asian Tribune will reveal in this account how the funds have been authorized by the United States Congress connecting the 'paramilitary operations' to the President, Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Pentagon. The funds were initially allocated under a special defense authorization act in 2005, and have been extended to 2013 with enhanced fund allocation.
In the light of WikiLeaks revelations of Colombo's American Embassy classified cables to Washington State Department prepared by the embassy's political division and scrutinized and signed by Ambassador Robert O. Blake (now the assistant secretary for south and central Asian affairs) carried in full by Asian Tribune , this report gives the readers and the authorities in Sri Lanka the naked double standards of the United States to halt Sri Lanka's serious military offensive against a ruthless terrorist movement that has its tentacles all over the globe including the US State Department and the European Union.
The Asian Tribune will present the exact method the United States is using to give birth to paramilitary units in other countries that the U.S. has national security interests based on the US War College document it managed to unearth, and what it endeavors to achieve in its global counter-terrorism operations.
The objective of sending a diplomatic cable to Washington by Robert Blake and his political section implicating the LTTE-breakaway group TMVP (or Karuna Group) to abductions, rape, prostitutions and extra-judicial killings related by nebulous embassy contacts can be presumed as an effort to thwart the Sri Lanka's offensive against the Tamil Tigers in removing the Karuna-Douglas Devananda-strategic forces that were helpful to the military to defeat the Tigers.
The story here is how the United States is using the same tactic to defeat terrorism in other parts of the world. In Sri Lanka's case the U.S. painted the Karuna-Devananda group as 'killer group' to make it an international issue (which it made), tarnish the military operation, and re-direct the resolve of Sri Lanka to prevent the total annihilation of the Tamil Tigers but to maintain as a pressure group to influence the Sri Lanka polity.
"The ability for the United States to employ special operations forces in denied areas, on secret, unacknowledged missions, is critical to our success in the current war and in future conflict. In the area of covert operations, there is an ongoing debate about the blurred operational lines between DoD-led "Title 10 operations" versus CIA-led "Title 50 operations," was the understanding of Colonel Richard C. Gross of the U.S. Army War College when he wrote a strategic research paper 'Different Worlds: Unacknowledged Special Operations and Covert Action' for the Department of National Security and Strategy of the War College dated 30 March 2009.
Colonel Gross' paper examines the statutory and doctrinal definitions of covert action, to include the "traditional military activities" exception to the law; the legal requirements for using covert action as defined in law; and the policy issues surrounding the use of covert action. Special operations forces conducting missions where the role of the U.S. is unacknowledged are not conducting "covert action" within the meaning of the law, as long as those missions are under the command and control of a military commander in support of ongoing or anticipated hostilities.
"These operations would not rise to the statutory level of "covert action" and thus would not require the Presidential finding and Congressional notification," the paper says.
For the Asian Tribune readers knowledge the Defining "Covert Action" relates: Under federal law, "covert action" is defined as "an activity or activities of the United States Government to influence political, economic, or military conditions abroad, where it is intended that the role of the United States Government will not be apparent or acknowledged publicly…."8 Covert action is another means of exercising national power in pursuit of national interests; however, unlike "soft power" or overt military action, covert action is used in those situations where the United States does not wish its exercise of power to be known. Covert action is a third option when "soft" exercises of national power, such as diplomacy, economic sanctions, or informational power, are ineffective in influencing conditions abroad on one hand, while the use of overt military force is undesirable or not feasible on the other.
And, covert action is traditionally divided into three categories: propaganda, paramilitary operations, and political action.
Our interest here is paramilitary action.
Colonel Gloss' US Army War College paper that describes the Irregular Warfare and Paramilitary Operations projects a very clear idea how the United States was/is involved in the creation, nurturing, directing and operating the paramilitary groups in other countries in its global war against terrorism.
(Quote) Nowhere is the need for clarity more important than in the area of paramilitary operations, a subset of irregular warfare. Irregular warfare is gaining prominence within the Department of Defense (DoD); in fact, new DoD policy makes irregular warfare "as strategically important as traditional warfare."
Irregular warfare is defined as:
'A violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant population(s). Irregular warfare favors indirect and asymmetric approaches, though it may employ the full range of military and other capacities, in order to erode an adversary's power, influence, and will'.
"In order to be successful in irregular warfare, DoD intends to "extend U.S. reach into denied areas and uncertain environments by operating with and through indigenous foreign forces." Such warfare is a separate mission from training and advising a country's own military forces in order for that country to protect its own sovereignty.
"Operating through indigenous forces to extend U.S. reach essentially involves the use of surrogate or paramilitary forces to achieve U.S. national interests in areas where U.S. military cannot go easily (or at all). In order to accomplish this, US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) must "develop [special operations forces] capabilities for extending U.S. reach into denied areas and uncertain environments by operating with and through indigenous foreign forces or by conducting low visibility operations."
"For example, unconventional warfare, a subset of irregular warfare, involves the use of indigenous or surrogate forces, to include paramilitary forces, to conduct guerrilla warfare, subversion, sabotage, intelligence activities, and unconventional assisted recovery. The Army field manual on UW states that the "conceptual core" of unconventional warfare is "working by, with, or through irregular surrogates in a clandestine and/or covert manner against opposing actors." These unconventional warfare operations, if conducted by the CIA, would be considered special activities and/or covert action. However, if conducted by a combatant command using special operations forces, under the command of a military commander, these operations would not rise to the level of covert action as defined in statute, even if the role of the U.S. was unacknowledged.
"The CIA has conducted paramilitary operations since its creation in 1947, to include the failed Bay of Pigs operation in Cuba in 1961, efforts in Laos during the Vietnam War, and recent operations in Afghanistan in 2001". (End Quote)
This US Army War College document clearly gives what is not defined as 'covert action', something very educational. And that's how the U.S. operates.
(Begin Quote) Covert action is sometimes referred to as the "third option" of American policy, allowing the government to influence other nations, whether friendly or enemy, in areas of national interest, without overtly revealing its hand or resorting to military action. The "plausible deniability" inherent in covert action allows the United States to pursue national interests in areas otherwise denied to a U.S. presence. Additionally, the use of covert action may allow the U.S. to influence a peer or near-peer competitor without the risk of escalation or military conflict.
"Although secret by definition, federal law requires Presidential approval and significant executive and legislative oversight (by members of both political parties) of covert action, which reduces the risk of "rogue" programs.
"The first statutory definition of "covert action" was enacted in 1991 in an amendment to the National Security Act of 1947. Federal law defines covert action as "an activity or activities of the United States Government to influence political, economic, or military conditions abroad, where it is intended that the role of the United States Government will not be apparent or acknowledged publicly…."
"The following activities are not defined as covert and they are outside the definition of covert:
(1) activities the primary purpose of which is to acquire intelligence, traditional counterintelligence activities, traditional activities to improve or maintain the operational security of United States Government programs, or administrative activities;
(2) traditional diplomatic or military activities or routine support to such activities;
(3) traditional law enforcement activities conducted by United States
Government law enforcement agencies or routine support to such activities; or
(4) activities to provide routine support to the overt activities (other than activities described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3)) of other United States Government agencies abroad. (End Quote)
The US Army War College document authored by Col. Gloss gives the Law Promoting Paramilitary Operations:
(Begin Quote) Congress has recently increased the capability of Department of Defense (DoD) to conduct paramilitary operations by creating a new paramilitary funding mechanism for US Special Operations Command USSOCOM. The Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005, Section 1208, permitted U.S. special operations forces to pay and equip foreign forces or groups supporting the U.S. in combating terrorism.
Previously, DoD forces had to go to the CIA for this funding. Referring to Section 1208 funds in his 2008 USSOCOM Posture Statement before the Senate Armed Services Committee, Admiral Eric Olson, commander of USSOCOM, stated that "a most important tool in our ability to build the capacity of partner nations to conduct counterterrorism or stability operations is our continued authority to train and equip foreign military forces."54 Admiral Olson added that these authorities "have made a big difference in developing carefully selected counterpart forces."
"Paramilitary operations are a critical tool in the war on terrorism, and the role of special operations forces will continue to grow in this area. It is likely that as it does, USSOCOM will find it necessary to deny the role of U.S. forces in sensitive or denied areas, particularly in the case of UW. In those cases, as long as the special operations forces remain under a military commander, these paramilitary operations will not be "covert" within the legal meaning of the phrase". (End Quote)
The Law Funding Paramilitary Operations
Section 1208 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 provided authority for the Secretary of Defense to support foreign forces, irregular forces, groups, or individuals, totaling $25 million annually through 2007, when such recipients are facilitating or acting in support of operations conducted by U.S. Special Operations Forces.
The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 extended this authority to 2010 and made a number of changes in regard to required reporting requirements.
This proposal would expand upon that language for fiscal year 2009 by increasing the annual threshold to $35 million. This section provides authority only; there is no associated funding or appropriation line. The Secretary of Defense will exercise this authority and operations will be funded through the U.S. Special Operations Command with Operations and Maintenance funds in accordance with the procedures established by the Secretary of Defense on March 29, 2005.
Specific changes to Section 1208 include: (1) changing the heading to reflect that the section is for Special Operations support; (2) changing the authority threshold from $25 million to $35 million; (3) changing the notification from "not less than" 48 hours to "within" 48 hours; (4) removing the prohibition on delegation by striking subsection (d); (5) amending subsection (g) to allow for all costs to be charged to Operations and Maintenance; and (6) making this authority permanent.
This has now been extended up to 2013.
Here is the full text of the law ratified by the United States Congress:
SEC. 1208 SUPPORT OF MILITARY OPERATIONS TO COMBAT TERRORISM.
(a) AUTHORITY.—The Secretary of Defense may expend up to
$25,000,000 during any fiscal year during which this subsection is
in effect to provide support to foreign forces, irregular forces, groups,
or individuals engaged in supporting or facilitating ongoing military
operations by United States special operations forces to combat
(b) PROCEDURES.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish procedures
for the exercise of the authority under subsection (a). The
Secretary shall notify the congressional defense committees of those
procedures before any exercise of that authority.
(c) NOTIFICATION.—Upon using the authority provided in subsection
(a) to make funds available for support of an approved military
operation, the Secretary of Defense shall notify the congressional
defense committees expeditiously, and in any event in not less
than 48 hours, of the use of such authority with respect to that operation.
Such a notification need be provided only once with respect
to any such operation. Any such notification shall be in writing.
(d) LIMITATION ON DELEGATION.—The authority of the Secretary
of Defense to make funds available under subsection (a) for
support of a military operation may not be delegated.
(e) INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES.—This section does not constitute
authority to conduct a covert action, as such term is defined in section
503(e) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 413b(e)).
(f) ANNUAL REPORT.—Not later than 30 days after the close of
each fiscal year during which subsection (a) is in effect, the Secretary
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees
a report on support provided under that subsection during that
fiscal year. Each such report shall describe the support provided, including
a statement of the recipient of the support and the amount
obligated to provide the support.
(g) FISCAL YEAR 2005 LIMITATION.—Support may be provided
under subsection (a) during fiscal year 2005 only from funds made
available for operations and maintenance pursuant to title XV of
(h) PERIOD OF AUTHORITY.—The authority under subsection (a)
is in effect during each of fiscal years 2005 through 2007.
The period of authority has now been extended to the year 2013 with enhanced funding.
The WikiLeaks-released classified cables from the American embassy, Colombo, Sri Lanka to Washington State Department on the issue of the GSL using Karuna-Devananda paramilitary groups using ambiguous information from the embassy's 'valued contacts' was to tarnish the GSL operation against a ruthless terrorist movement that the State Department officials did not want annihilated.
The diplomatic cables, one could see, have created war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity call against Sri Lanka. To justify the removal of the Karuna-Devananda group using ambiguous information from the 'valued contacts' the message of the State Department Colombo diplomats to Washington was very clear: to bring international pressure on GSL to dissociate itself totally with those groups that have been strategically important to defeat the Tigers.
It was no doubt that the U.S. considered the Tamil Tigers as ruthless terrorist group but wanted it controlled short of annihilation to maintain it as a pressure group to check the GSL which is according to American diplomats is a regime dominated by the Sinhalese, and in their opinion a Sinhalese chauvinist administration that gives no space for Tamil grievances.
In fact, the United States used the same tactic used by Sri Lanka but the difference here is Sri Lanka did not create the Karuna-Devananda groups but made use of them for intelligence operations and the US creates them in Third World nations in its global war on terrorism.
Not only the creation, the US Congress, as we have presented to the reader, appropriated funds to create, direct, operate and train paramilitaries. To give the whole operation some legitimacy the Congressional Act says: "The Secretary of Defense shall establish procedures for the exercise of the authority under subsection (a). The Secretary shall notify the congressional defense committees of those procedures before any exercise of that authority".
And, what does subsection (a) say: "The Secretary of Defense may expend up to $25,000,000 during any fiscal year during which this subsection is in effect to provide support to foreign forces, irregular forces, groups, or individuals engaged in supporting or facilitating ongoing military operations by United States special operations forces to combat terrorism".
In a September 22 (2010) dispatch the Associated Press reported:
(Begin Quote) The CIA has trained and bankrolled a well-paid force of elite Afghan paramilitaries for nearly eight years to hunt al-Qaida and the Taliban for the CIA, according to current and former U.S. officials.
Modeled after U.S. Special Forces, the Counterterrorist Pursuit Team was set up in the months following the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in 2002 to penetrate territory controlled by the Taliban and al-Qaida and target militants for interrogations by CIA officials.
The 3,000-strong Afghan teams are used for surveillance and long-range reconnaissance missions and some have trained at CIA facilities in the United States. The force has operated in Kabul and some of Afghanistan's most violence-wracked provinces including Kandahar, Khost, Paktia and Paktika, according to a security professional familiar with the program.
The security official and former intelligence officials spoke about the Afghan force on the condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the sensitive information.
The secret Afghan force has emerged as a new component of ramped-up American counter-terror operations against the Taliban in Afghanistan and against al-Qaida and allies over the mountainous border in Pakistan. The U.S. military, including special operations forces, has been working with the CIA in an intensified crackdown against militants on both sides of the border. (End Quote)
- Asian Tribune -